• Basic Ultralights
• Advanced Ultralights
• Homebuilt Aircraft*
• Kit Built Aircraft*
• Certified Aircraft*
• Float Equipped Aircraft
*Aircraft falling under these designations must adhere to the maximum takeoff weight and minimum stall speed requirements of basic ultralights.
All of these need no further endorsements or ratings. That means you DO NOT require a float rating to fly ultralight floatplanes or amphibious ultra-lights.
• May fly any aircraft falling under the definition of an ultralight.
• May fly nearly everywhere any other general aviation aircraft is permitted, including controlled airspace. (Controlled airspace will usually require a transponder).
• May carry another pilot with no extra qualifications.
• May carry passengers if they hold a 'Passenger Carrying Endorsement' on their Ultralight Pilot Permit.
• May fly any aircraft falling under the ultralight definition on either wheels, floats, or is an amphibious aircraft without requiring any further endorsements - ie.: A float rating is not required.
• May fly any ultralight aircraft during Day VFR - exactly the same as any holder of a Private Pilot License.
A holder of an Ultralight Pilot Permit has nearly all of the privileges of a Recreational or Private Pilot, being able to fly to all the same places, and even being able to take a friend along.
The restrictions are very few - if you wish to fly at night, or IFR, you will need a minimum of a Private Pilot license and then will require those additional endorsements.
This table outlines the differences in privileges between the main license types: 1) Ultralight Pilot Permit - Ultralight; 2) Recreational Pilot Permit - Recreational; 3) Private Pilot License (w/o IFR Endorsement) - PPL
|Number of Passengers:||1||1*||No Limit|
|Airspace:||C, D, E, F, G||C, D, E, F, G||C, D, E, F, G|
|Daytime Only:||Yes||Yes||Day or Night**|
|Need Float Endorsement||No***||Yes||Yes|
In summary, you have the same privileges as a recreational pilot or a private pilot; with the exceptions that you're limited to a maximum of 1 additional occupant; and that persons with a PPL may operate at night with the addition of a night endorsement. You are permitted to fly in all the airspace, and to all the aerodromes afforded to all general aviation aircraft not flying IFR. The added bonus is you are permitted to fly aircraft on floats without requiring an added endorsement!
This table outlines the different limitations in aircraft types. Note: This table discusses the differences in aircraft types, individual pilot privileges will vary.
|Max Takeoff Weight:||1200 lbs||1232 lbs||1232* lbs||12 500 lbs|
|Max Number of Seats:||2||2||2||No limit|
|Daytime Only:||Daytime Only||Daytime Only||Day or Night**||Day or Night|
|Need Float Endorsement:||No***||No***||No***||Yes|
Basic Ultralight - Basic
Advanced Ultralight - Advanced
Certified Aircraft in Ultralight Category - CUL*
Certified Aircraft - Cert.
Many aircraft that are certified, home built, kit built, etc. fall into the Ultralight Category, and are eligible to be flown by pilots holding an Ultralight Pilot Permit (UPP)
In summary, ultralights can carry no more than 2 persons and can operate in day VFR only. Only certified aircraft are permitted to fly at night, or in IFR conditions. Ultralight aircraft do not require you to have a floatplane rating to operate.
Fly anywhere, anytime! Ultra-light flying has almost NONE of the restrictions you might have imagined.
Ultra-Light aircraft can carry a maximum of two people, and may fly anywhere any other certified or general aviation aircraft can go. As long the flight is conducted during the day in VFR conditions there are NO restrictions on when -or WHERE- you may fly.
“ Ultra-Lights are Unsafe ”
“ Ultra-Lights have poor performance ”
“ Ultra-Lights are very slow ”
“ Ultralights are loud, exposed cockpit, pusher prop configuration aircraft, with go-kart like tricycle wheels ”
“ You do not need a license to fly ultralights. ”
“ You are not permitted to carry passengers. ”
“ Ultralight pilots are not trained as well as other pilots. ”
“ Ultralight aircraft are limited in where they can legally fly. ”
Nearly everything you think you know about ultra-lights is probably wrong! They can fly nearly anywhere you like, whenever you like; with almost none of the restrictions you presumed. Many have better performance and are just as safe, or safer than certified aircraft! There are so many things ultra-lights can do that you never thought possible.